Governor Walker’s proposal to overhaul the state’s civil service system for state employees has been in the news recently, but missing from the conversation is the fact that Wisconsin has significantly fewer state employees and smaller payrolls than most states. If one of the goals of making changes to Wisconsin’s civil service system is to ensure that Wisconsin’s state government runs efficiently, advocates for the changes should know that Wisconsin already has a lean state government with relatively low costs.
The proposed changes to the state’s civil service system would loosen hiring and firing requirements for state employees, lengthen the probation period for new state employees, and eliminate bumping rights for more senior employees. The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel describes some of the changes:
“The changes include dropping the exams that job candidates for state government are often required to take in favor of a résumé system and better defining the “just cause” definition of fireable offense such as stealing from the state or showing up to work drunk.
The number of government workers in Wisconsin compared to the state’s population has dropped to its lowest level in at least 20 years, according to a new Wisconsin Budget Project analysis.
Public employees in Wisconsin fill many roles. They patrol country roads, drive city buses, put out fires, immunize babies, and repair roads. Most of all, they teach our children: Six out of 10 public employees in Wisconsin work in education, mostly in K-12 schools.
Public employees also work close to home. Nearly 3 out of 4 public employees in Wisconsin work at the local government level.
There are far fewer of these public employees than there used to be. The number of state and local government workers per Wisconsin resident has dropped 10% from its peak a decade ago. Now only eight states have a leaner public sector for the size of their population. For every 100 state and local government employees per capita in other states, Wisconsin has only 94 employees. Read more
Wisconsin has fewer public employees for our population than most other states have, according to new figures from the U.S. Census Bureau. Wisconsin’s lean public sector is not a recent development; public employment in Wisconsin has been at lower levels than the national average for at least the last two decades.
Legislative Proposals Squeeze Local Governments from Many Directions
In Wisconsin and across the country, most government bodies finance the cost of post-retirement health benefits for their former employees on a pay-as-you-go basis. A number of Republicans in the legislature want to change that and begin requiring local governments, including school districts, to pre-pay those benefits for any public employees hired after 2014.
Evidently, the proponents of the change decided that converting to up-front financing of those benefits is working so well for the U.S. Postal Service that it’s time to do much the same thing for local governments. Okay, that’s probably not their reasoning, and I have to confess that I’m not sure what their primary argument is. However, a good State Journal article by Steven Verburg about the debate over the proposed legislation says that the bill’s proponents contend their intent is to protect workers from being cheated out benefits they have been promised. Read more
Wisconsin has its leanest public sector in nearly 20 years, new according to new figures from the U.S. Census Bureau.
An analysis by the Wisconsin Budget Project of the recently-released Census Bureau data shows that Wisconsin had 5.4 percent fewer state and local government employees per capita in 2011 than the national average, ranking 40th among the states. State and local employees include a wide variety of workers, including teachers, highway workers, corrections guards, firefighters, and police officers.
Only 10 other states had a leaner public sector than Wisconsin in 2011. While that might surprise some state residents, Wisconsin has had fewer state and local employees per capita than the national average for most of the last two decades. Wisconsin had 49.6 state and local full-time equivalent positions (FTEs) per 1,000 residents in 2011, compared to a national average of 52.5 FTE, as shown in the chart below.
The difference between Wisconsin and other states has grown wider since the 1990s. Read more
Wisconsin has lost a higher percentage of its state government employees than any other state, according to quarterly figures newly released by the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics. Wisconsin had nearly 8,000 fewer workers in state government in June 2011 than in June 2010. There are currently about 225,000 unemployed people in Wisconsin searching for jobs.
Even before these job losses, Wisconsin had one of the leanest state governments in the nation. In 2010, Wisconsin ranked 42nd among the states in the number of state employees per capita, according to the most recent figures available. That means Wisconsin’s state government is nearly 10 percent smaller the national average, compared to our state’s population.
Over the past year, Wisconsin’s decline in state government has far surpassed the drop in any other state. Wisconsin lost 10 percent of its state government employees between June 2010 and June 2011. Louisiana, which lost the second largest amount of its state government workforce, shed only 6 percent of its state government workers. Read more
1. Compared to other states, Wisconsin has a lean public sector
In 2010, Wisconsin had 6 percent fewer state and local government employees relative to our population than the national average, according to an analysis of Census Bureau data. Wisconsin had a leaner public sector than all but 11 states in 2010, the most recent year for which there are figures.
The Wisconsin Budget Project has published an analysis of state and local government employment levels in Wisconsin and nationally, which can be found here.
2. Relative to our population, the number of public employees in Wisconsin has declined over the last decade
Between 2000 and 2010, the number of state and local government employees in Wisconsin relative to population declined by 4 percent. The chart below shows that there have year to year fluctuations, but the overall trend over the last decade has been downward in the size of our public sector relative to population. Read more
There would be no cost of living adjustments to state employee salaries for the next two years, under a plan Governor Walker’s administration has submitted to a legislative committee.
A letter outlining the pay plan, sent from the Director of Office of State Employment Relations (OSER) to the Joint Committee on Employment Relations, can be read here. The actual compensation plan is also posted on the Office of State Employment Relations website, but be warned the file is enormous and takes a long time to load.
According to OSER’s letter, the compensation plan retains progression adjustments, some reimbursements, and some of the various types of supplemental pay that appeared in collective bargaining agreements. Some types of supplemental pay were eliminated, and calculations for determining overtime pay were changed. Senator Jeff Fitzgerald said that the changes would reduce overtime payments at the Department of Corrections by $5 million per year.
This pay freeze comes in the wake of significant compensation cuts for public employees, in the form of increased contributions to fringe benefit costs. Read more
Wisconsin had a leaner public sector than all but 11 states in 2010, a new report by the Wisconsin Budget Project shows. Wisconsin has long had fewer state and local government employees than the national average, according to U.S. Census Bureau data.
State and local government employees – including those working as teachers, corrections guards, highway workers, police officers, and firefighters – make up about one out of every seven workers in Wisconsin.
Today, public sector workers in Wisconsin will receive their first paycheck reflecting reductions in their compensation mandated by the budget repair bill passed earlier this year.
Public employees with relatively low salaries or hourly wages stand to lose thousands of dollars a year, the equivalent of as much as six months of grocery costs. Some public workers at the lower end of the income spectrum could face as much as 15% in lost income and increased costs beginning this week.
This pay cut will hit low-wage public employees the hardest, and could potentially push many families that are barely scraping by into insolvency. Wisconsin Council on Children and Families highlighted these changes in a recent brief, showing how the cuts in compensation could affect low- and moderate-wage workers like janitors, beginning teachers, and public school kitchen workers.
The budget repair bill, which inspired massive protests across the state, requires public sector workers to pay a larger portion of their health insurance costs and contribute more to their retirement accounts. Read more